Mars Documentation

Mars is a tensor-based unified framework for large-scale data computation which scales numpy, pandas, scikit-learn and many other libraries.

Architecture Overview

_images/architecture.png

Getting Started

Starting a new runtime locally via:

>>> import mars
>>> mars.new_session()

Or connecting to a Mars cluster which is already initialized.

>>> import mars
>>> mars.new_session('http://<web_ip>:<ui_port>')

Mars tensor

documentation

Mars tensor provides a familiar interface like Numpy.

Numpy

Mars tensor

import numpy as np
N = 200_000_000
a = np.random.uniform(-1, 1, size=(N, 2))
print((np.linalg.norm(a, axis=1) < 1)
      .sum() * 4 / N)
import mars.tensor as mt
N = 200_000_000
a = mt.random.uniform(-1, 1, size=(N, 2))
print(((mt.linalg.norm(a, axis=1) < 1)
        .sum() * 4 / N).execute())
3.14174502
CPU times: user 11.6 s, sys: 8.22 s,
           total: 19.9 s
Wall time: 22.5 s
3.14161908
CPU times: user 966 ms, sys: 544 ms,
           total: 1.51 s
Wall time: 3.77 s

Mars can leverage multiple cores, even on a laptop, and could be even faster for a distributed setting.

Mars dataframe

documentation

Mars DataFrame provides a familiar interface like pandas.

Pandas

Mars DataFrame

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
df = pd.DataFrame(
    np.random.rand(100000000, 4),
    columns=list('abcd'))
print(df.sum())
import mars.tensor as mt
import mars.dataframe as md
df = md.DataFrame(
    mt.random.rand(100000000, 4),
    columns=list('abcd'))
print(df.sum().execute())
CPU times: user 10.9 s, sys: 2.69 s,
           total: 13.6 s
Wall time: 11 s
CPU times: user 1.21 s, sys: 212 ms,
           total: 1.42 s
Wall time: 2.75 s

Mars learn

documentation

Mars learn provides a familiar interface like scikit-learn.

Scikit-learn

Mars learn

from sklearn.datasets import make_blobs
from sklearn.decomposition import PCA
X, y = make_blobs(
    n_samples=100000000, n_features=3,
    centers=[[3, 3, 3], [0, 0, 0],
             [1, 1, 1], [2, 2, 2]],
    cluster_std=[0.2, 0.1, 0.2, 0.2],
    random_state=9)
pca = PCA(n_components=3)
pca.fit(X)
print(pca.explained_variance_ratio_)
print(pca.explained_variance_)
from mars.learn.datasets import make_blobs
from mars.learn.decomposition import PCA
X, y = make_blobs(
    n_samples=100000000, n_features=3,
    centers=[[3, 3, 3], [0, 0, 0],
              [1, 1, 1], [2, 2, 2]],
    cluster_std=[0.2, 0.1, 0.2, 0.2],
    random_state=9)
pca = PCA(n_components=3)
pca.fit(X)
print(pca.explained_variance_ratio_)
print(pca.explained_variance_)

Mars learn also integrates with many libraries:

Mars remote

documentation

Mars remote allows users to execute functions in parallel.

import numpy as np


def calc_chunk(n, i):
    rs = np.random.RandomState(i)
    a = rs.uniform(-1, 1, size=(n, 2))
    d = np.linalg.norm(a, axis=1)
    return (d < 1).sum()

def calc_pi(fs, N):
    return sum(fs) * 4 / N

N = 200_000_000
n = 10_000_000

fs = [calc_chunk(n, i)
      for i in range(N // n)]
pi = calc_pi(fs, N)
print(pi)
import numpy as np
import mars.remote as mr

def calc_chunk(n, i):
    rs = np.random.RandomState(i)
    a = rs.uniform(-1, 1, size=(n, 2))
    d = np.linalg.norm(a, axis=1)
    return (d < 1).sum()

def calc_pi(fs, N):
    return sum(fs) * 4 / N

N = 200_000_000
n = 10_000_000

fs = [mr.spawn(calc_chunk, args=(n, i))
      for i in range(N // n)]
pi = mr.spawn(calc_pi, args=(fs, N))
print(pi.execute().fetch())
3.1416312
CPU times: user 32.2 s, sys: 4.86 s,
           total: 37.1 s
Wall time: 12.4 s
3.1416312
CPU times: user 616 ms, sys: 307 ms,
           total: 923 ms
Wall time: 3.99 s

DASK on Mars

Refer to DASK on Mars.

Easy to scale in and scale out

Mars can scale in to a single machine, and scale out to a cluster with hundreds of machines. Both the local and distributed version share the same piece of code, it’s fairly simple to migrate from a single machine to a cluster to process more data or gain a better performance.

Mars can run in a few ways: